As a woman ages, she begins to hear more and more about the risk of a pregnancy. While there are some additional risks in pregnancy for women over 39, the majority of women in their 40s have healthy pregnancies. Understanding what risks do increase in pregnancy for women over 39 and what can be done to address them can help you to take control of your reproductive health.
As a woman ages, her risks of complications or of having a child with birth defects increase. Pregnancy issues that have proven to have age related components include:
- Gestational diabetes
- Preterm delivery
- Placenta issues
- Chromosomal defects
The increased risk associated with pregnancy over age 39 may result in patients being diagnosed as high risk. These women are more likely to have additional doctors’ visits and testing in order to ensure both mother and child are progressing as they should be.
Addressing Birth Defects
As a woman ages, the quality of her eggs decreases. This is natural and is due to the fact that a woman is born with all of the eggs she’ll ever have. Naturally, the quality of these eggs begins to decline with time. Lower quality eggs are more likely to have chromosomal issues which can be detrimental to an embryo. In some cases the embryo will not implant due to the defect. Other embryos will implant but will end in a pregnancy loss because the embryo isn’t viable due to the defect. In other cases, a child is born with chromosomal issues.
There is a way to avoid the chance of having a child with birth defects. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows for the testing of embryos before they are transferred. This testing can identify a number of genetic issues in order to prevent the transfer of embryos that are not viable.
Receive additional information on pregnancy for women over 39 and how fertility treatment can help you achieve your goal of parenthood by speaking with the New Hope Fertility Center team. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank you.