Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a serious reproductive disorder that affects one out of 10 women. The fertility of approximately 20 percent of women in America is compromised by PCOS. PCOS impacts the regularity of your period as well as your appearance. The best treatment for infertile women suffering from PCOS is with fertility medications and IVF. Women suffering from infertility due to PCOS respond very well to injectable fertility medications and have a high percentage rate of successful ovulation and pregnancy.
Suspected Causes of PCOS
Our fertility specialists believe that a genetic predisposition is a significant cause of PCOS.
Excessive Levels of Androgens. Ovarian cysts may develop because a woman’s body has a hormonal imbalance and generates excessive androgens – male hormones. Women suffering from PCOS have high levels of androgens overpowering their estrogen hormones. Estrogen is responsible for proper ovarian development. Excessive androgen hormone levels prevent normal egg development and release.
High Insulin Levels. High insulin blood levels occur when a woman’s body experiences resistance by not transforming food into energy that produces insulin. Unhealthy nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity lead to insulin resistance – which is commonly found in women suffering from PCOS. Untreated – this condition can also result in Type 2 Diabetes.
Signs and Symptoms of PCOS
Most women don’t know that PCOS is the reason they can’t get pregnant naturally. This is usually because they are unaware of PCOS signs and symptoms.
- Irregular or infrequent periods
- Hirsutism – Excessive hair grown on the face and chin
- Acne breakouts on the face, chest, upper back
- Hair loss or thinning
- Weight gain and difficulty losing pounds
- Darkening of the skin in the groin area, underneath breasts, along neck
- Skin tags in the arm pits or neck area
Complications of PCOS include:
- Miscarriage or premature birth
- Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis — a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
- Metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that significantly increase your risk of cardiovascular disease
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
Ovulation Problems Due to PCOS
- No ovulation (anovulation)
- Infrequent or irregular ovulation
Menstrual Cycle Problems Due to PCOS
Irregular menstrual cycles occur when a woman does not ovulate regularly.
- No periods at all
- Infrequent periods
- Periods that occur too frequently
- Heavy periods lasting for many days/weeks
- Bleeding/Spotting occurring between apparently normal cycles
PCOS Treatment With Cutting-Edge IVF Protocols
Fertility Specialists Successfully Treating PCOS
We are a patient-focused fertility care team dedicated to helping our patients overcome infertility due to PCOS. To schedule your initial consultation with the fertility specialists at New Hope Fertility Center – click the icon below – or call 212.969.7422.