If you are having trouble getting pregnant, a weight issue may be to blame. Look: Being overweight – or underweight – will hinder your chances of conceiving naturally. A healthy adult Body Mass Index (BMI) is between 18.5 and 24.9. Calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) here to see where you stand. Why is this important? Your BMI will determine whether your weight is healthy, based on your height. Practicing good dietary and exercise habits every day will keep your BMI within a fertile range.
A Healthy and Fertile Weight Range = a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9
Your ideal weight – based on your height – determines your healthy and fertile weight range.
- BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 = Healthy weight for optimum fertility
- BMI under 18.5 = Underweight – unhealthy – decreased fertility
- BMI of 25 to 29.9 = Overweight – unhealthy – decreased fertility
- BMI of 30 or greater = Obese – unhealthy – decreased fertility
Achieving and Maintaining a Fertile BMI
Studies have shown that a person’s level of fertility is directly related to her/his BMI. This is also true for the outcome of infertility treatment and pregnancy.
Women and a Fertile BMI
It is a fact that being an overweight or obese woman will have a negative effect fertility. However, it is less known that women who are underweight – BMI of less than 19 – may be forcing their bodies into an ovulatory dysfunction because of lack of nutrition. When a woman’s body is deprived of nutrition, it can cause ovulation infrequency or even a cessation of ovulation altogether.
Men and a Fertile BMI
Men who are overweight or obese suffer from infertility due to imbalances in hormone regulation. These complications from a high BMI are directly tied to a man’s inadequate sperm production.
- Low sperm count
- Low sperm motility
- Low sperm movement
Successful Fertility Treatment
Modest weight changes – for both overweight and underweight women – can greatly help to resume ovulation and help increase the chances of a successful fertility treatment plan.
Complications for fertility treatment because of a high or low BMI include:
- Lower response to fertility medications
- Difficulty in regulating or triggering ovulation
- Greater need to regulate medication dosages
- Greater frequency of over-response to fertility medications
- Greater frequency of a higher than predicted ovarian stimulation
- Greater risk of multiple pregnancy
BMI Interference With IVF Treatment
BMI complications with IVF treatment include:
- Fewer eggs retrieved
- Greater difficulty retrieving eggs
- Increased risk of bleeding post-egg retrieval
- Greater difficulty in anesthesia risk during egg retrieval
- Greater difficulty in visualizing the uterus during embryo transfer
- Lower embryo implantation rates
- Lower IVF pregnancy success rates
Healthy Lifestyle Changes Can Help Increase Your Chances of a Successful IVF Pregnancy
- Eating a well-balanced diet will increase your chances of IVF success. You should begin improving your nutritional habits at least 3 months before your embryo transfer.
- Take a good quality multi-vitamin and mineral supplement containing vitamins A, B, D, and C complex. Your supplement should include zinc, magnesium, selenium, iron, and co-enzyme Q10 which all play a vital role in fertilization and implantation.
- Reduce your alcohol intake because studies show that women over 30 who drank seven or more alcoholic beverages a week were twice as likely not to conceive.
- Get good sleep. A 2016 review of studies shows that not getting enough sleep leads women to consume an average of 385 more calories the next day.
- Avoid Caffeine in coffee, tea, and soda because it can have an adverse effect on female fertility. It’s best to cut caffeine out altogether to boost your fertility level and prepare for a healthy pregnancy. Drinking more than 300 mg of caffeine per day – 2 to 3 cups of coffee – has been linked to a higher risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
World Renowned Fertility Experts
It is important to work with a fertility care team having the experience required to design a customized fertility treatment plan meeting your personal medical needs. To schedule your initial consultation with one of the world renowned fertility experts at New Hope Fertility Center call 917.525.5496 – or – click the icon below.