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The IVF Fertility Blog

How Can I Do IVF if My Partner Has No Sperm

Infertility concerns are not limited to women.  Although women have more working parts, men can also have fertility issues.  Thankfully, there are fertility treatments for men as well as women.  You can do IVF even if your concern is that you partner has no sperm. 

2015-32It is important to understand that just because there are no sperm present in a man’s semen, it does not mean that he does not produce sperm. There are a number of medical issues that can prevent a man’s sperm from reaching his ejaculate. 

If you’ve been concerned that your partner has no sperm, there are several medical conditions that may be causing the issue:

  • Obstructive azoospermia: A medical condition where a man is born without the vas deferens, which transports the sperm produced by the man’s testes to his semen.  There is no indication of an issue until the man attempts to start a family.  The sperm the man produces is able to be retrieved and used during an IVF cycle.
  • Non-obstructive azoospermia: A medical condition where a man does not have sperm in his ejaculate.  This is despite not having an anatomical blockage.  In most cases, men who have this issue do produce sperm which can be retrieved.

When sperm is retrieved using alternative methods, IVF cycles typically use ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.  During ICSI, a single sperm is injected inside your egg to fertilize it.  Because the sperm is not required to penetrate the egg itself, even low quality sperm can result in fertilized eggs.  Overall, the ICSI success rate is 70% for fertilizing eggs.  While sperm retrieved through alternate methods may not be suitable for freezing, eggs fertilized via ICSI are suitable to be frozen via vitrification and used during subsequent cycles.

If it is determined that your partner does not produce sperm, you have the option of using donor sperm to fertilize your eggs. Our donor sperm bank allows you to select from sperm donors with your requested physical and mental characteristics.  This way, you can choose a donor that has physical characteristics similar to your partner's. 

New Hope Fertility Center can help you even if you’ve been worried that your partner has no sperm.  Contact us today to find out how a personalized fertility plan can help you grow your family.  Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank You.


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