Often, when people hear of hormonal issues causing fertility concerns, they think of women’s health care issues. However, male fertility levels play a large factor in a man’s fertility as well.How are male fertility levels checked?
One of the most common tests to determine male fertility levels is a sperm and semen analysis. This test is able to identify the following:
- Sperm count
- Shape of sperm
- How the sperm move
It is common for doctors to request that you abstain from ejaculating in the days prior to the test to ensure accurate results. In the event that the test comes back with poor results, it may be repeated to confirm the findings. To perform the test, you will be required to ejaculate into a specimen cup. Depending on your doctor’s office, this may be done on-site in a private room or in the privacy of your home provided it is delivered to the clinic within a predetermined amount of time.
Your physician may follow up on the sperm count test with a physical exam or blood work to evaluate your hormone levels. If the issue is hormonal, it may be able to be treated through hormone therapy.What are some common fertility issues in men?
One of the most common fertility issues men face include:
- Azoospermia – This is a condition where there are no sperm present in a male’s ejaculate. This can be due to an abnormality in the man’s reproductive system where sperm are produced but not able to reach the semen. This may also be the result of the man’s body not producing an adequate amount of sperm.
- Abnormal Sperm Morphology – Condition where the sperm has an abnormal shape. Sperm that are no shaped correctly can have difficulty penetrating an egg for fertilization.
- Abnormal Sperm Motility – Sperm that do not move correctly may not be able to reach the egg for fertilization.
In most cases, we are able to fertilize an egg even with low quality sperm through ICSI with IVF. To do this, eggs are retrieved from the mother via an IVF protocol. Then, a single sperm is placed directly into the egg in a process known as ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. This is possible even with poor quality sperm, in fact we have a 70% fertilization rate even with men with poor male fertility levels.
Schedule an appointment to have your male fertility levels checked and to begin your fertility journey. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank You.