It is common for people to think of infertility as a female concern. The truth is, infertility affects men and women equally. According to the American Society for Reproductive medicine, in 40% of couples with infertility issues, the male is the cause or a contributor to the issue. In order to fully understand the issues causing your delays while trying to conceive, it is important that both partners be tested. If you’ve had trouble trying to conceive, encourage your husband to undergo fertility testing.
Many men are apprehensive about fertility testing. The initial testing for men is much less invasive than similar testing for women. To begin fertility testing for men, a sperm sample is required. The semen analysis looks at the following:
- The volume of the semen sample
- How much time it takes for the semen sample to liquefy
- A count of the number of sperm present
- The percentage of sperm with a normal shape
- The percentage of sperm with normal forward movement
- The pH level of the semen
- The presence of white blood cells
- The amount of fructose present in the semen
The results of the sperm analysis can help to determine if there are any issues with your husband’s semen. This test can identify a number of issues that can hinder fertility including:
- Azoospermia – When no sperm are present in a man’s ejaculate.
- Oligospermia – When only a small quantity of sperm is present in a man’s ejaculate.
- Motility Issues – Even at high quantities, if a man’s sperm are not moving normally, fertilization can be difficult or impossible.
- Morphology Issues – When the structure or form of the sperm is abnormal the sperm may not be able to fertilize an egg resulting in infertility.
If any of the above issues are found with the semen sample, further testing may be necessary to identify the cause of the problem. Possible causes for male infertility include:
- A history of STDs or a STD that has gone untreated
- Blockages or physical damage due to birth defect, illness, or injury
- Retrograde ejaculation where the sperm are sent to the bladder rather than ejaculated
- Autoimmune or genetic diseases
- Hormonal issues
For additional information on male fertility testing, contact New Hope Fertility Center. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank You.