For many couples, the likelihood of having a child with a genetic disease is a real concern. Fortunately, there is a way to test embryos for genetic diseases. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, PGD, allows fertility doctors to determine if an embryo has a genetic disease.
How is PGD performed?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis begins with removing one cell from an embryo. That one cell can then be evaluated for a specific genetic disease or to evaluate chromosomal normalcy prior to implantation. After testing, the fertility care team will select the healthiest embryos to transfer into a woman’s uterus.
What are the risks of PGD?
Although there are many advantages to preimplantation genetic disease, there are some risks to the procedure:
- Depending on the age of the embryo and the PGD method used, embryos may be harmed by the process
- There is a learning curve for the PGD testing process. Procedures performed by technicians who are not experienced are more likely to have inaccurate or misleading results
- Although it is extremely accurate, no testing method is able to diagnose 100% of chromosomal issues in embryos
Who should consider PGD?
PGD is not necessary for everyone who is undergoing IVF treatment. Younger women and women with no family history of chromosomal diseases may do better to opt out of genetic testing. Women who should consider PGD include:
- Older women who are pursuing in-vitro fertilization
- Women who have had multiple failed IVF cycles
- Those with a family history of genetic diseases
- Individuals who are known to be carriers of genetic diseases
- Couples who have experienced two or more miscarriages with little-to-no explanation
- Couples who have other children with a chromosomal disease
It is important to note that PGD has a cost that is typically separate than that of other fertility treatments. Review your insurance coverage to determine your exact out-of-pocket costs.
To understand how preimplantation genetic diagnosis can be used as a part of your fertility treatment, contact the experts at New Hope Fertility Center today. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank you.