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The IVF Fertility Blog

How Does an IUI Procedure Work?

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment in which a sperm sample is placed directly into the uterus during ovulation. IUI is commonly prescribed as a first option for women who have been trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant. IUI is also the best choice for women using donor sperm.

How an IUI Procedure Works

If your doctor has recommended IUI as your preferred fertility treatment, the following is a synopsis of what you can expect.

  1. Your monthly menstrual cycle will be regulated through oral medication to suppress your  natural egg production and ovulation.
  2. You will be prescribed a regimen of oral fertility drugs (typically Clomid) to stimulate the production of multiple egg follicles.
  3. You will visit your doctor regularly for the growth and development of your multiple egg follicles to be monitored through blood tests and ultrasounds.
  4. When your egg follicles have reached a matured stage, you will be instructed when and how to administer an hCG injection to trigger your ovulation.
  5. The day of your insemination will be scheduled to coincide with your ovulation window.
  6. On the day of your scheduled insemination, a sperm sample will be collected - or - a frozen specimen will be thawed and prepared.
  7. The sperm sample is washed in a special solution and a concentrated amount of motile sperm is prepared in a speciment for optimal chances of conception.
  8. Going to the doctor's office for an IUI procedure is a similar experience to getting a PAP smear.
  9. After your cervix is cleaned with a cotton swab, the doctor or nurse will insert a small catheter into the cervical canal.
  10. In about 10 percent of cases, mild cramping may result, however, IUI is not painful.
  11. The prepared concentrated sperm specimen is inserted directly into the uterus.
  12. Most women recover quickly, enabling you to go home and continue your normal activities on the same day.
  13. You will be prescribed daily progesterone suppository supplements to help develop the lining of your uterus for the implantation of the embryo if fertilization of the egg occurs.

After two weeks, you will take a blood test to confirm pregnancy.

Deciding if an IUI Procedure is Right for You  IUI

An IUI is a good option if your situation matches the following criteria:

  • Unobstructed fallopian tubes
  • Healthy uterine cavity
  • Minimal male factor infertility is a cause
  • Hostile cervical conditions, such as scar tissue or cervical mucus problems

IUI is not recommended for women with severe fallopian tube diseases, a history of pelvic infections, or severe endometriosis that distorts the pelvis structures.

IUI Procedure specialists

If you are a woman age 35 or younger and have been trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant for one year or more, please schedule a consultation with one of the fertility specialists at New Hope Fertility Center to explore how IUI can help you conceive. Just click the icon below and enter your information online - or - call 917.525.5496.


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Topics: IUI, intrauterine insemination

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