In Vitro Maturation (IVM) is one of the newest treatment technologies in today's cutting edge Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). IVM is the process of harvesting immature eggs, which are then matured in a laboratory setting - in vitro. This technology can help women whose egg have not matured in a traditional In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycle. IVM technology also provides a treatment option for women who are looking to preserve their fertility through oocyte cryopreservation - egg freezing.
In Vitro Maturation (IVM) and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Differences
During IVF treatment, multiple mature eggs are harvested for fertilization in vitro. Multiple mature eggs are produced through the administration of high doses of fertility drugs - the traditional IVF protocol. Some women cannot tolerate these high doses of fertility medications and are at risk for developing Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). Other circumstances do not provide time for the woman to wait for her eggs to mature - for example - she is committed to traveling. Variations of the traditional IVF cycle - Natural IVF and Mini-IVF - are becoming common procedures used to accomodate the individual needs of women trying to conceive.
In Vitro Maturation entails the retrieval of immature eggs and maturing them in a laboratory setting. Once mature, the eggs are then be fertilized with sperm - creating embryos in vitro. Those embryos are then evaluated for quality. Quality fresh embryos may be transferred to the woman's uterus, with remaining embryos frozen and stored for future transfers. If the eggs are not fertilized, they may be frozen once matured and stored until the woman is ready for them to be fertilized and used in future treatment.
Selecting a Treatment Option
The best way to know which treatment option is best for you is to speak with a fertility expert. Your fertility plan should only be put together once the root cause of your fertility issue is identified and understood. While IVM can be beneficial to some women, it is not the best treatment option for everyone. It is important to make your decision about which IVF protocol is best for your needs once you are fully informed.
More Helpful Resources about IVM and IVF
Discover more helpful information about IVM and IVF from the fertility experts at New Hope Fertility Center. If you would like to schedule a consultation as a new patient at New Hope Fertility Center, click the icon below - or - call 212.969.7422.