Genetic testing is growing as a feature for couples who are seeking to get pregnant through in-vitro fertilization. For some couples, it is a matter of medically avoiding genetic issues that they are predisposed to. For older women, it is a way to reduce the likelihood of having a child with chromosomal issues. It is common to have questions about PGD and how embryos are effected by the process.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a way to determine if an embryo has a genetic disease prior to transferring the embryo via IVF. During this process, a single cell is removed from the developing embryo. Because this step is taken early during the embryo’s development, it does not impact the embryo or the health of the resulting child. What PGD does is evaluate the removed cell for the presence of a genetic disease. Embryos with genetic diseases are not transferred, thereby significantly reducing the chance of having a child with a genetic disease, or losing a pregnancy due to a chromosomal issues.
Who benefits from PGD?
All couples can benefit from PGD. However, there is a cost of genetic testing that is often not covered by medical insurance. Therefore, many couples benefit by weighing the risk of genetic disease vs. the reward of being able to screen for diseases. Couples that should seriously consider PGD include:
- Women who are over age 35 as these women’s eggs are more likely to have chromosomal issues
- Woman who have had multiple miscarriages
- Couples that have had multiple failed IVF cycles
- Couples who have already had a child with a genetic disease
- Individuals who are known to be a carrier for a genetic disease
- Couples with a family history of genetic diseases
PGD substantially reduces the likelihood of conceiving a child with a genetic disease. However, the science, like most, is not 100%. Individuals with a history of genetic disease should still have genetic testing done during pregnancy.
To receive additional information on options for genetic testing prior to implantation, contact the experts at New Hope Fertility Center today. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank you.