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The IVF Fertility Blog

What Are The Most Common Fertility Drugs

Fertility care uses medical advances to restore your body to achieve pregnancy.  Common fertility drugs are used during fertility care to help promote ovulation, time your cycle, and to prepare your body for pregnancy.  Side effects are not unusual with the use of common fertility drugs.  Therefore, it is good to understand what common fertility drugs are used for and the potential side effects so you are fully prepared. Knowing what to expect can decrease the amount of stress you undergo during treatment.


Commonly prescribed drugs to aid fertility include:

  • Clomid – Clomid works by stimulating your body to produce FSH and LH, hormones that result in egg maturation and ovulation.  Clomid is often the first medication prescribed during fertility care when timed intercourse has not been successful.  Clomid may be prescribed in a range of dosages in order to address your specific needs. Reported side effects of Clomid include hot flashes, headaches, breast tenderness and blurred vision.
  • Femara – Similar to Clomid, Femara convinces your body that you have not produced enough estrogen.  This, in turn, results in higher levels of FSH and LH.  Some women have reported experiencing weight gain, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and weight gain while using the medication.
  • Menopur and Repronex – Menopur and Repronex are injectable medications containing LH and FSH.  This combination of medications promote the release of multiple eggs during ovulation.   These drugs are often given to women with low FSH. Flu-like symptoms, headaches and general body discomfort are known potential side effects for this medication.
  • Synarel – Administered via nasal spray, Synarel results in a surge in LH allowing ovulation to be timed.  Once given, ovulation can be timed for accurate egg retrieval or timed intercourse.  Runny nose, hot flashes, headaches and mood swings have been reported with the use of Synarel.
  • Estrace – Estrace is comprised of a form of estrogen that promotes the thickening of your uterine lining. Additionally, Estrace increases the amount of secretions made by your cervix.  Both of these reactions prepare your uterus for pregnancy and can help during early pregnancy.  Women have experienced side effects such as appetite loss, chest pain, dizziness, acne, and swelling of the hands and feet. 

Our fertility specialists are here to help you with your journey to parenthood and are happy to answer questions regarding common fertility drugs and fertility care. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank You.


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