In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is a commonly used method in fertility care to help achieve pregnancy. During IVF treatment, a woman’s eggs are retrieved from her body, fertilized then transferred back into her uterus, where the embryo can implant resulting in pregnancy. IVF has high success rates and can be used to address a number of causes of infertility.
One of the commonly asked questions about IVF treatment is “will IVF cause birth defects?” IVF is safe for both mother and baby as outlined below:
Will IVF cause birth defects?
The process of IVF does not cause birth defects. In fact, when paired with Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD), IVF can actually reassure parents that the embryo being transferred back into the mother’s womb is free of genetic defects.
What is PGD or Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis?
PGD allows us to determine if an embryo has genetic abnormalities. In our state of the art laboratory, we are able to analyze the embryo's DNA to determine if a genetic abnormality is present. To do this:
- Your eggs are fertilized as a part of IVF treatment
- When the embryos have developed to between four and ten cells, one of the cells is gently removed via microsurgery.
- The removed cell then can be analyzed for genetic defects
Does PGD harm the embryos? Will IVF cause birth defects when done with PGD testing? The process of PGD does not harm the eggs. In fact, because the cell is removed so early in the embryo's development, the embryo continues to mature normally. PGD allows us to only transfer the healthiest embryos. This reduces the risk of birth defects as well as the likelihood of miscarriage due to genetic abnormality.
Have you wondered “will IVF cause birth defects”? Our fertility specialists are available to answer any questions you may have. Please click the link below to enter your information and New Hope will contact you, or simply call 212-517-7676. Thank You.